July 18, 2024
Importance of Pahani

Pahani is one of the most important revenue records maintained by the Revenue Department for agricultural lands. Pahani is a revenue record that contains all the details of a land. It contains some valuable data related to the particular piece of land such as:

  • Details of the owner like owner’s name, liabilities of the owner and Details of the Cultivator
  • Survey Number, Hissa Number of the Land and Khatha Number
  • Total Land under the Pahani and Public rights on the Lan
  • Utilization of land under various categories
  • Land Revenue Details
  • Water Rate, Soil Type, Number of Trees
  • Details of Crops grown season wise and mixed crops
  • Assessment and Nature of Possession of the land

Pahani is thus a combined document that furnishes all details about Record of Rights, Tenancy and Crops. It is also called as “Patta” in the neighboring states of Karnataka.

Crop details will be written on the RTC once or twice in a year, depending upon the seasons. The Crops information will be written by Village Accountant after inspecting the field. If there is something wrongly specified about the crop information, one can lodge a request to change the crop information on the Pahani at the Pahani Centre / Village Accountant. It will be changed after being verified by the Village Accountant / Revenue Inspector.

A person can get the signed copy of computerized Pahani from the Pahani Centre, which is in the Tahsildar’s Office by paying Rs.15. It can also be collected by paying Rs.15 to the Village Accountant / Revenue Inspector, who in turn will collect the computerized Pahani from Pahani Centre and hand it over to the person. It is important to check all the entries in the RTC.

The Government of Karnataka has issued the order saying that in Computerized Taluka, only computer generated RTC are valid for all legal purposes. Handwritten RTC will not be recognized by Government.

It is the most important document that is required during the purchase of a land. Pahani is required for the following purposes:

  • To know the genuineness of a seller while purchasing a land
  • To present at the Sub-Registrars office during a sale transaction
  • To raise the loan amount from a Bank
  • To present in the court in case of civil litigation
  • For personal purpose


The details like owner’s name or his particulars like liabilities get changed due to some transactions. This process is known as Mutation. Mutation can take place due to one of the following reasons:

  • J-Slip-Sale through registered deed
  • Inheritance – Change of Ownership due to death of the Owner
  • Division of Land within the Family
  • Pledge / Release – Change in liabilities due to loan from bank or repayment to bank
  • Based on the Court Order
  • Alienation – Conversion of land from agricultural to other purposes
  • Acquisition by Government for Public purpose
  • Grant of Land by Government to Poor People

In these cases, when the name of the owner changes, the new owner should approach the Revenue Department with the required documents to change their names. This can also be done by requesting at the Pahani Centre and collect the acknowledgment.

Similarly, when a loan is taken or repayment is done, the details of liabilities can be changed by submitting the request with the required documents at the Pahani Centre.